Child protection policy
Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, for the sake of this policy is defined as:
Protecting children from maltreatment
Preventing the impairment of children’s health or development
Ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with
the provision of safe and effective care.
(Definition taken from the HM Government document ‘Working together to safeguard children’)
We support the children within our care, protect them from maltreatment and have robust procedures in place to prevent the impairment of children’s health and development. Safeguarding is a much wider subject than the elements covered within this single child protection policy, therefore this
document should be used in conjunction with the other preschool policies and procedures.
Our preschool will work with children, parents, external agencies and the community to ensure the welfare and safety of children and to give them the very best start in life. Children have the right to be treated equally with respect and to be safe from any abuse in whatever form.
To safeguard children and promote their welfare we will:
- Create an environment to encourage children to develop a positive self-image
- Encourage children to develop a sense of independence and autonomy in a way that is appropriate to their age and stage of development
- Provide a safe and secure environment for all children
- Always listen to children.
- Share information with other agencies as appropriate.
Blundeston Preschool has a clear commitment to protecting children and promoting welfare. Should anyone believe that this policy is not being upheld, it is their duty to report the matter to the attention of the preschool manager/chairperson at the earliest opportunity.
The legal framework for this policy is based on:
Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act (2006)
Working together to safeguard children
Practitioners have a duty to protect and promote the welfare of children. Due to the hours of care we are providing, staff will often be the first people to sense that there is a problem. They may well be the first people in whom children confide in about abuse.
The Preschool has a duty to be aware that abuse does occur in our society.
This statement lays out the procedures that will be followed if we have any reason to believe that a child in our care is subject to welfare issues including physical, sexual, emotional abuse or neglect.
Our prime responsibility is the welfare and wellbeing of all children in our care. As such we believe we have a duty to the children, parents and staff to act quickly and responsibly in any instance that may come to our attention. All staff will work as part of a multiagency team where needed in the
best interests of the child.
The preschool aims to:
Ensure that children are never placed at risk
Preschool staff will:
- Ensure that confidentiality is maintained at all times
- Ensure that all staff are alert to the signs of abuse
- understand what is meant by child protection and are aware of the different ways in which children can be harmed including by other children i.e. bullying, discriminatory behaviour
- Ensure that all staff are familiar and updated regularly with child
protection issues and procedures
- Ensure parents are fully aware of child protection policies and
procedures when they register with the preschool and are kept informed
of all updates when they occur
- Keep the child at the centre of all we do
- Regularly review and update this policy with staff and parents where appropriate.
- Children will be supported by offering reassurance, comfort and sensitive interactions.
- Activities will be devised according to individual circumstances to enable children to develop confidence within their peer group.
Contact telephone numbers
Ofsted [0300 123 1231]
Local Authority Designated Officer 0300 123 2044
MASH 0345 6061429
Customer First 0808 800 4005
Types of abuse
The signs and indicators listed below may not necessarily indicate that a child has been abused, but will help us to know that something may be wrong, especially if a child shows a number of these symptoms or any of them to a marked degree.
Children and babies may be abused physically through shaking or
throwing. Other injuries may include burns or scalds. These are not usual
childhood injuries and should always be logged and discussed with the
All signs of marks/injuries to a child, when they come into preschool or
occur during time at the preschool, will be recorded as soon as noticed by a staff member
The incident will be discussed with the parent at the earliest opportunity
Such discussions will be recorded and the parent will have access to such
If there appear to be any queries regarding the injury, the Local
Safeguarding Children’s Board (LSCB) in the local authority will be able to advise
This is also a type of physical abuse. This is where a child is presented with an illness that is fabricated by the adult carer. The carer may seek out unnecessary medical treatment or investigation.
The signs may include a carer exaggerating a real illness or symptoms, complete fabrication of symptoms or inducing physical illness e.g. through poisoning, starvation, inappropriate diet.
This may also be presented through false allegations of abuse or encouraging the child to appear disabled or ill to obtain unnecessary treatment or specialist support. This is also a type of physical abuse. This is where a child is presented with an illness that is fabricated by the adult carer. The carer may seek out unnecessary medical treatment or investigation. The signs may include a carer exaggerating a real illness or symptoms, complete fabrication of symptoms or inducing physical illness e.g. through poisoning, starvation, inappropriate diet. This may also be presented through false allegations of abuse or encouraging the child to appear disabled or ill to obtain unnecessary treatment or specialist support.
Female Genital mutilation
This type of physical abuse is practised as a cultural ritual by certain ethnic groups and there is now more awareness of its prevalence in some communities in England. If there is concern about a child in this area, social services should be contacted, in the same way as other types of physical abuse. This type of physical abuse is practised as a cultural ritual by certain ethnic groups and there is now more awareness of its prevalence in some communities in England. If there is concern about a child in this area, social services should be contacted, in the same way as other types of physical abuse. FGM helpline Tel: 0800 028 3550
Refer to fact sheet in acts folder
The adult should reassure the child and listen without interrupting if the
child wishes to talk
The observed instances will be detailed in a confidential report
The observed instances will be reported to the nursery manager
The matter will be referred to LSCB in the local authority.
This may include extremes of discipline where a child is shouted at or put down on a consistent basis, lack of emotional attachment by a parent, or it may include parents or carers placing inappropriate age or developmental expectations upon them.
May also be imposed through the child witnessing domestic abuse and alcohol and drug misuse by adults caring for them.
The child is likely to show extremes of emotion with this type of abuse. This may include shying away from an adult who is abusing them, becoming withdrawn, aggressive or clingy in order to receive their love and attention. This type of abuse is harder to identify as the child is not likely to show any physical signs.
The concern should be discussed with the manager/chairperson
The concern will be discussed with the parent
Such discussions will be recorded and the parent will have access to such
A Common Assessment Framework (CAF) may need to be completed
If there appear to be any queries regarding the circumstances, the matter
will be referred to the LSCB in the local authority.
Indicators of child abuse
Failure to thrive and meet developmental milestones
Fearful or withdrawn tendencies
Unexplained injuries to a child or conflicting reports from parents or staff
Unaddressed illnesses or injuries.
Recording suspicions of abuse and disclosures
Staff should make an objective record (supported by the preschool manager or Designated Safeguarding Coordinator (DSCO) of any observation or
disclosure, these should include
Age of the child and date of birth
Date and time of the observation or the disclosure
Exact words spoken by the child
Exact position and type of injuries or marks seen
Exact observation of an incident including any other witnesses
Name of the person to whom the concern was reported, with date and
time; and the names of any other person present at the time.
Any discussion held with the parent(s) (where deemed appropriate).
These records should be signed by the person reporting this and the *manager/*DSCO/*supervisor, dated and kept in a separate confidential file.
If a child starts to talk to an adult about potential abuse it is important not to promise the child complete confidentiality. This promise cannot be kept. It is vital that the child is allowed to talk openly and disclosure is not forced or words put into the child’s mouth. As soon as possible after the disclosure it is vital details are logged down accurately.
It may be thought necessary that through discussion with all concerned the matter needs to be raised with the LSCB and Ofsted and/or a CAF needs to be initiated. Staff involved may be asked to supply details of any information/concerns they have with regard to a child. The preschool expects all members of staff to co-operate
with the LSCB and Ofsted in any way necessary to ensure the safety of the children.
Staff must not make any comments either publicly or in private about a parent’s or staffs supposed or actual behaviour.
Staffing and volunteering
It is the policy of the preschool to provide a secure and safe environment for all children. The preschool will therefore not allow an adult to be left alone with a child who has not received their enhanced DBS disclosure clearance. It is the policy of the preschool to provide a secure and safe environment for all children. All staff will attend child protection training within their first six months of employment, and receive initial basic training during their induction period. This will include the procedures for spotting signs and behaviours of abuse and abusers, recording and reporting concerns and creating a safe and secure environment for the children in the preschool. All staff have safeguarding training
Diane Button the preschool DSCO undertakes specific training and accesses regular updates to developments within this field. We provide adequate and appropriate staffing resources to meet the
needs of children
Applicants for posts within the preschool are clearly informed that the
positions are exempt from the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.
Candidates are informed of the need to carry out checks before posts can
be confirmed. Where applications are rejected because of information
that has been disclosed, applicants have the right to know and to challenge incorrect information
All enhanced dbs. disclosures checks will be updated on a regular basis
to ensure the suitability all staff to join the update service of the adults caring for the children
We abide by Ofsted/CSSIW requirements in respect of references and
suitability checks for staff and volunteers, to ensure that no disqualified
person or unfit person works at the preschool or has access to the children
We ensure we receive at least two written references BEFORE a new
member of staff commences employment with us
All students will have enhanced DBS disclosures conducted on them
before their placement starts Volunteers, including students, do not work unsupervised
We abide by the requirements in respect of any person who is dismissed
from our employment, or resigns in circumstances that would otherwise
have led to dismissal for reasons of child protection concern
We have procedures for recording the details of visitors to the nursery
and take security steps to ensure that we have control over who comes
into the preschool, so that no unauthorised person has unsupervised access
to the children
All contractors/external workers will be enhanced dbs. checked and the
manager will request this before allowing them access to the preschool. All
visitors/contractors will still be accompanied whilst on the premises, especially when in the areas, the children use
All staff have access to a whistleblowing policy which will enable them
to share any concerns that may arise about their colleagues in an
All staff will receive regular supervision meetings where opportunities
will be made available to discuss child protection training and any needs
for further support
The deployment of staff within the nursery allows for constant
supervision and support. Where children need to spend time away from
the rest of the group, the door will be left ajar or other safeguards will be
placed into action to ensure the safety of the child and the adult.
Parents are normally the first point of contact. If a suspicion of abuse is
recorded, parents are informed at the same time as the report is made, except where the guidance of the LSCB does not allow this. This will usually be the case where the parent or family member is the likely abuser, or where a child may be endangered by this disclosure. In these cases, the investigating officers will inform parents.
All suspicions, enquiries and external investigations are kept confidential and shared only with those who need to know. Any information is shared under the guidance of the LSCB.
Support to families
The preschool takes every step in its power to build up trusting and
supportive relations among families, staff and volunteers within the
The preschool continues to welcome the child and the family whilst
enquiries are being made in relation to abuse in the home situation.
Parents and families will be treated with respect in a non-judgmental
manner whilst any external investigations are carried out in the best
interests of the child
Confidential records kept on a child are shared with the child's parents or
those who have parental responsibility for the child, only if appropriate
under the guidance of the LSCB with the provision that the care and safety
of the child is paramount. We will do all in our power to support and
work with the child's family.
Employees or volunteers
If an allegation is made against a member of staff or volunteer, we will follow the HM Government guidance in ‘Working together to safeguard
The allegation should be reported to the manager on duty. If this person is the subject of the allegation, then this should be reported to the
The Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO), Ofsted and the LSCB will then be informed immediately in order for this to be investigated by the appropriate bodies promptly: LADO will be informed immediately for advice and guidance
A full investigation will be carried out by the appropriate professionals
(LADO, Ofsted, LSCB) to determine how this will be handled
The preschool will follow all instructions from the LADO, Ofsted,
LSCB and asks all staff members to do the same and cooperate
Support will be provided to all those involved in an allegation throughout the external investigation in line with LADO support and advice
The preschool reserves the right to suspend any member of staff during an
All enquiries/external investigations/interviews will be documented and
kept in a locked file
Unfounded allegations will result in all rights being reinstated
Founded allegations will be passed on to the relevant organisation
(police) and will result in the termination of employment.
Ofsted/CSSIW will be notified immediately of this decision. The
preschool is also required to notify the Independent Safeguarding Authority
(ISA) to ensure their records are updated.
All records will be kept until the person reaches normal retirement age or
for 10 years if that is longer. This will ensure accurate information is
available for references and future dbs. checks and avoid any
The preschool retains the right to dismiss any member of staff in connection with founded allegations following an inquiry
Counselling will be available for any member of the nursery who is
affected by an allegation, their colleagues in the preschool and the parents.
Designated Safeguarding officer - Diane Button
Read and agreed this policy
This policy was reviewed January 2017
Signed on behalf of the committee Jennifer Clark, Chairperson
This policy is to be reviewed annually unless legislation requires before