Child protection policy

Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, for the sake of this policy is defined as:

Protecting children from maltreatment

Preventing the impairment of children’s health or development

Ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with

the provision of safe and effective care.

(Definition taken from the HM Government document ‘Working together to safeguard children’)

 

We support the children within our care, protect them from maltreatment and have robust procedures in place to prevent the impairment of children’s health and development. Safeguarding is a much wider subject than the elements covered within this single child protection policy, therefore this

document should be used in conjunction with the other preschool policies and procedures.

 

Our preschool will work with children, parents, external agencies and the community to ensure the welfare and safety of children and to give them the very best start in life. Children have the right to be treated equally with respect and to be safe from any abuse in whatever form.

 

Policy Intention

 

To safeguard children and promote their welfare we will:

 

  • Create an environment to encourage children to develop a positive self-image
  • Encourage children to develop a sense of independence and autonomy in a way that is appropriate to their age and stage of development
  • Provide a safe and secure environment for all children
  • Always listen to children.
  • Share information with other agencies as appropriate.

 

Blundeston Preschool has a clear commitment to protecting children and promoting welfare. Should anyone believe that this policy is not being upheld, it is their duty to report the matter to the attention of the preschool manager/chairperson at the earliest opportunity.

 

The legal framework for this policy is based on:

 

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act (2006)

Working together to safeguard children

 

Practitioners have a duty to protect and promote the welfare of children. Due to the hours of care we are providing, staff will often be the first people to sense that there is a problem. They may well be the first people in whom children confide in about abuse.

The Preschool has a duty to be aware that abuse does occur in our society.

This statement lays out the procedures that will be followed if we have any reason to believe that a child in our care is subject to welfare issues including physical, sexual, emotional abuse or neglect.

 

Our prime responsibility is the welfare and wellbeing of all children in our care. As such we believe we have a duty to the children, parents and staff to act quickly and responsibly in any instance that may come to our attention. All staff will work as part of a multiagency team where needed in the

best interests of the child.

 

The preschool aims to:

 

Ensure that children are never placed at risk

 

Preschool staff will:

 

  • Ensure that confidentiality is maintained at all times
  • Ensure that all staff are alert to the signs of abuse
  • understand what is meant by child protection and are aware of the different ways in which children can be harmed including by other children i.e. bullying, discriminatory behaviour
  • Ensure that all staff are familiar and updated regularly with child

          protection issues and procedures

  • Ensure parents are fully aware of child protection policies and

          procedures when they register with the preschool and are kept informed 

          of all updates when they occur

  • Keep the child at the centre of all we do
  • Regularly review and update this policy with staff and parents where appropriate.
  • Children will be supported by offering reassurance, comfort and sensitive interactions.
  • Activities will be devised according to individual circumstances to enable children to develop confidence within their peer group.

 

Contact telephone numbers

 

Ofsted [0300 123 1231]

Local Authority Designated Officer 0300 123 2044

MASH 0345 6061429

Customer First 0808 800 4005

 

Types of abuse

 

The signs and indicators listed below may not necessarily indicate that a child has been abused, but will help us to know that something may be wrong, especially if a child shows a number of these symptoms or any of them to a marked degree.

 

Children and babies may be abused physically through shaking or

throwing. Other injuries may include burns or scalds. These are not usual

childhood injuries and should always be logged and discussed with the

Preschool manager

 

All signs of marks/injuries to a child, when they come into preschool or

occur during time at the preschool, will be recorded as soon as noticed by a staff member

 

The incident will be discussed with the parent at the earliest opportunity

Such discussions will be recorded and the parent will have access to such

records

If there appear to be any queries regarding the injury, the Local

Safeguarding Children’s Board (LSCB) in the local authority will be able to advise

 

Fabricated illness

 

This is also a type of physical abuse. This is where a child is presented with an illness that is fabricated by the adult carer. The carer may seek out unnecessary medical treatment or investigation.

The signs may include a carer exaggerating a real illness or symptoms, complete fabrication of symptoms or inducing physical illness e.g. through poisoning, starvation, inappropriate diet.

This may also be presented through false allegations of abuse or encouraging the child to appear disabled or ill to obtain unnecessary treatment or specialist support. This is also a type of physical abuse. This is where a child is presented with an illness that is fabricated by the adult carer. The carer may seek out unnecessary medical treatment or investigation. The signs may include a carer exaggerating a real illness or symptoms, complete fabrication of symptoms or inducing physical illness e.g. through poisoning, starvation, inappropriate diet. This may also be presented through false allegations of abuse or encouraging the child to appear disabled or ill to obtain unnecessary treatment or specialist support.

 

Female Genital mutilation

This type of physical abuse is practised as a cultural ritual by certain ethnic groups and there is now more awareness of its prevalence in some communities in England. If there is concern about a child in this area, social services should be contacted, in the same way as other types of physical abuse. This type of physical abuse is practised as a cultural ritual by certain ethnic groups and there is now more awareness of its prevalence in some communities in England. If there is concern about a child in this area, social services should be contacted, in the same way as other types of physical abuse. FGM helpline Tel: 0800 028 3550

Refer to fact sheet in acts folder

 

Sexual abuse 

The adult should reassure the child and listen without interrupting if the

child wishes to talk

The observed instances will be detailed in a confidential report

The observed instances will be reported to the nursery manager

The matter will be referred to LSCB in the local authority.

This may include extremes of discipline where a child is shouted at or put down on a consistent basis, lack of emotional attachment by a parent, or it may include parents or carers placing inappropriate age or developmental expectations upon them.

 

Emotional abuse 

May also be imposed through the child witnessing domestic abuse and alcohol and drug misuse by adults caring for them.

The child is likely to show extremes of emotion with this type of abuse. This may include shying away from an adult who is abusing them, becoming withdrawn, aggressive or clingy in order to receive their love and attention. This type of abuse is harder to identify as the child is not likely to show any physical signs. 

Procedure:

The concern should be discussed with the manager/chairperson

The concern will be discussed with the parent

Such discussions will be recorded and the parent will have access to such

records

A Common Assessment Framework (CAF) may need to be completed

If there appear to be any queries regarding the circumstances, the matter

will be referred to the LSCB in the local authority.

 

Indicators of child abuse

Failure to thrive and meet developmental milestones

Fearful or withdrawn tendencies

Aggressive behaviour

Unexplained injuries to a child or conflicting reports from parents or staff

Repeated injuries

Unaddressed illnesses or injuries.

Recording suspicions of abuse and disclosures

Staff should make an objective record (supported by the preschool manager or Designated Safeguarding Coordinator (DSCO) of any observation or

disclosure, these should include

 

Child's name

Child's address

Age of the child and date of birth

Date and time of the observation or the disclosure

Exact words spoken by the child

Exact position and type of injuries or marks seen

Exact observation of an incident including any other witnesses

Name of the person to whom the concern was reported, with date and

time; and the names of any other person present at the time.

Any discussion held with the parent(s) (where deemed appropriate).

These records should be signed by the person reporting this and the *manager/*DSCO/*supervisor, dated and kept in a separate confidential file.

If a child starts to talk to an adult about potential abuse it is important not to promise the child complete confidentiality. This promise cannot be kept. It is vital that the child is allowed to talk openly and disclosure is not forced or words put into the child’s mouth. As soon as possible after the disclosure it is vital details are logged down accurately.

It may be thought necessary that through discussion with all concerned the matter needs to be raised with the LSCB and Ofsted and/or a CAF needs to be initiated. Staff involved may be asked to supply details of any information/concerns they have with regard to a child. The preschool expects all members of staff to co-operate

with the LSCB and Ofsted in any way necessary to ensure the safety of the children.

Staff must not make any comments either publicly or in private about a parent’s or staffs supposed or actual behaviour.

 

Staffing and volunteering

It is the policy of the preschool to provide a secure and safe environment for all children. The preschool will therefore not allow an adult to be left alone with a child who has not received their enhanced DBS disclosure clearance. It is the policy of the preschool to provide a secure and safe environment for all children. All staff will attend child protection training within their first six months of employment, and receive initial basic training during their induction period. This will include the procedures for spotting signs and behaviours of abuse and abusers, recording and reporting concerns and creating a safe and secure environment for the children in the preschool. All staff have safeguarding training

 

Diane Button the preschool DSCO undertakes specific training and accesses regular updates to developments within this field. We provide adequate and appropriate staffing resources to meet the

needs of children

Applicants for posts within the preschool are clearly informed that the

positions are exempt from the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.

Candidates are informed of the need to carry out checks before posts can

be confirmed. Where applications are rejected because of information

that has been disclosed, applicants have the right to know and to challenge incorrect information

All enhanced dbs. disclosures checks will be updated on a regular basis

to ensure the suitability all staff to join the update service of the adults caring for the children

We abide by Ofsted/CSSIW requirements in respect of references and

suitability checks for staff and volunteers, to ensure that no disqualified

person or unfit person works at the preschool or has access to the children

We ensure we receive at least two written references BEFORE a new

member of staff commences employment with us

All students will have enhanced DBS disclosures conducted on them

before their placement starts Volunteers, including students, do not work unsupervised

We abide by the requirements in respect of any person who is dismissed

from our employment, or resigns in circumstances that would otherwise

have led to dismissal for reasons of child protection concern

We have procedures for recording the details of visitors to the nursery

and take security steps to ensure that we have control over who comes

into the preschool, so that no unauthorised person has unsupervised access

to the children

All contractors/external workers will be enhanced dbs. checked and the

manager will request this before allowing them access to the preschool. All

visitors/contractors will still be accompanied whilst on the premises, especially when in the areas, the children use

All staff have access to a whistleblowing policy which will enable them

to share any concerns that may arise about their colleagues in an

appropriate manner

All staff will receive regular supervision meetings where opportunities

will be made available to discuss child protection training and any needs

for further support

The deployment of staff within the nursery allows for constant

supervision and support. Where children need to spend time away from

the rest of the group, the door will be left ajar or other safeguards will be

placed into action to ensure the safety of the child and the adult.

 

Informing parents

Parents are normally the first point of contact. If a suspicion of abuse is

recorded, parents are informed at the same time as the report is made, except where the guidance of the LSCB does not allow this. This will usually be the case where the parent or family member is the likely abuser, or where a child may be endangered by this disclosure. In these cases, the investigating officers will inform parents.

 

Confidentiality

 

All suspicions, enquiries and external investigations are kept confidential and shared only with those who need to know. Any information is shared under the guidance of the LSCB.

 

Support to families

The preschool takes every step in its power to build up trusting and

supportive relations among families, staff and volunteers within the

preschool

The preschool continues to welcome the child and the family whilst

enquiries are being made in relation to abuse in the home situation.

Parents and families will be treated with respect in a non-judgmental

manner whilst any external investigations are carried out in the best

interests of the child

Confidential records kept on a child are shared with the child's parents or

those who have parental responsibility for the child, only if appropriate

under the guidance of the LSCB with the provision that the care and safety

of the child is paramount. We will do all in our power to support and

work with the child's family.

 

Employees or volunteers

 

If an allegation is made against a member of staff or volunteer, we will follow the HM Government guidance in ‘Working together to safeguard

children,2015.

The allegation should be reported to the manager on duty. If this person is the subject of the allegation, then this should be reported to the

Chairperson/DSCO/manager instead. 

The Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO), Ofsted and the LSCB will then be informed immediately in order for this to be investigated by the appropriate bodies promptly: LADO will be informed immediately for advice and guidance

A full investigation will be carried out by the appropriate professionals

(LADO, Ofsted, LSCB) to determine how this will be handled

The preschool will follow all instructions from the LADO, Ofsted,

LSCB and asks all staff members to do the same and cooperate

where required

Support will be provided to all those involved in an allegation throughout the external investigation in line with LADO support and advice

The preschool reserves the right to suspend any member of staff during an

investigation

All enquiries/external investigations/interviews will be documented and

kept in a locked file

Unfounded allegations will result in all rights being reinstated

Founded allegations will be passed on to the relevant organisation

(police) and will result in the termination of employment.

Ofsted/CSSIW will be notified immediately of this decision. The

preschool is also required to notify the Independent Safeguarding Authority

(ISA) to ensure their records are updated.

All records will be kept until the person reaches normal retirement age or

for 10 years if that is longer. This will ensure accurate information is

available for references and future dbs. checks and avoid any

unnecessary reinvestigation

The preschool retains the right to dismiss any member of staff in connection with founded allegations following an inquiry

Counselling will be available for any member of the nursery who is

affected by an allegation, their colleagues in the preschool and the parents.

Designated Safeguarding officer -  Diane Button

Read and agreed this policy

Signed 

This policy was reviewed January 2017

 

Signed on behalf of the committee Jennifer Clark, Chairperson

 

This policy is to be reviewed annually unless legislation requires before